Laboratory testing is mandatory in the cannabis industry. Not only does the law require it, but you also want to know that the CBD products you consume are indeed pure, free of poisons and medicinally valuable. Labels must appear on every item that you buy, and if there is none, you should rather look elsewhere. If there are labels with laboratory results, then it is just as important to be able to read it.
Understanding CBD Analysis
In order to certify that hemp products, such as CBD oil and CBD capsules, are safe for consumption, they must pass several laboratory tests. It is crucial that you are aware of this to understand how CBD analysis works and how to read this data properly. When looking at the label, you will see the product’s lab results. We break it down for you and explain what each of them means:
· Potency Testing
Lab technicians test the potency of CBD first. This is important for identifying exactly which cannabinoids are present in the product and how concentrated they are. CBD is not the only one found hemp: There are numerous other cannabinoids too, including cannabigerol, or CBG, and cannabichromene, or CBC. The concentrations of these compounds determine the potency of the product.
· Pesticide Testing
Testing for pesticides is paramount. You do not want to ingest a CBD oil with unsafe pesticides in it. Many cultivators treat their plants with harmful fungicides and herbicides, and if they do not, there is always the risk of neighboring farmers spraying toxins that travel by air to contaminate their crops. Side effects can be ugly and significant if concentrations of pesticides are too high.
· Microbiological Testing
Laboratories test for microbial activity. According to the Cannabis Safety Institute, this is vitally important to ensure that no mold or harmful bacteria are present in the CBD that you consume. Pathogens thriving on cannabis plants can easily penetrate all areas of the body. If levels are particularly high, the side effects can be extremely unwanted and dangerous for your health.
· Terpene Testing
Terpenes are the compounds responsible for taste and flavor of cannabis plants. This may not seem too important for most CBD products, but terpenes have immense medicinal value in their own right. Not only do these pungent compounds give cannabis plants their distinct berry, pine, citrus or mint tastes, the more terpenes the lab report lists, the more benefits for your health.
· Residual Solvents Testing
A complete laboratory analysis should test for residual solvents too. Manufacturers use solvents to process plants and extract their CBD for highly concentrated oils, tinctures and powders. However, this only occurs in solvent-based extraction processes. If concentrations of propane, acetone, ethanol or other solvents are too high, it could cause nasty health issues and highly flammable products.
· Heavy Metals Testing
Heavy metals can wreak havoc on the body. You definitely do not want too many or high concentrations of any in your lab report. Extracting CBD with carbon dioxide is the only method that could potentially add low levels of these dangerous substances to your medicine. If the product used the CO2 extraction method, make sure there are no heavy metals in it.
Reading a CBD Label Correctly
Reading CBD lab reports properly are of paramount importance when buying CBD products. As you can see, there is so much more to know and understand than just information on CBD or THC content. Not only is knowing these facts useful to you, but it can also save you from potentially harmful concentrations of dangerous substances. If you are ever in doubt, do not hesitate to ask for advice.